Anti-wrinkle Treatment

Overview

Anti-Wrinkle Treatment by Injection

Wrinkles are caused by the skin losing elasticity as you age, and the long term effects of muscle contractions from smiling, frowning and laughing. They are also worsened by sun damage and smoking. Different injection methods are used to reduce wrinkles and give a smoother, more youthful complexion. One method blocks the nerve impulses that cause muscle contraction, effectively relaxing certain facial muscles and smoothing the nearby skin. The injections will gradually take effect over a week or two (eg Botulinum).

Another method uses injectable fillers to smooth and plump out wrinkles, crow's feet, laughter lines, some types of sunken scars, cheeks and lips. The filler is injected using a fine needle, until your facial lines and wrinkles are "filled out". Different substances are used as fillers. Some are permanent and some are temporary. Some fillers are manufactured substances and others use your body's own tissue, such as collagen, skin cells or fat.

Anti-wrinkle injections are a simple and effective solution to improve certain wrinkles. However, the effect of this temporary improvement wears off gradually so you will need to repeat treatments to maintain results. Your specialist will discuss the advantages and disadvantages of the different treatment options to help you decide which is best for you.

Botox

What is Botox®?
Botox is the product made by a bacteria called botulinum. When used in a very diluted dose, it can be safely used to relax spastic facial muscles. Apart from muscle relaxation, facial lines and wrinkles will diminish.
How is Botox® given?
It is given as a superficial injection, usually into different target sites.
How does it work?

Acetylcholine is normally released from nerve endings, causing muscle to contract. An excessive release of this neurotransmitter causes muscles to over-contract or go into spasm. Injected directly into the affected muscles, Botulinum blocks the release of acetylcholine and relaxes the spasm.

The effects of the medication begin to appear after 3 to 7 days and usually last for 3-6 months.

The injections can be repeated every 3-6 months.

What are the possible side effects?
Most people tolerate Botulinum injections very well. Although the needle used is very small and the injection brief, some may find the actual injection painful. There might be a small bruise at the injection site. Some people might develop flu-like symptoms a week after injection, which last for about a day. There may be a temporary weakness of muscles resulting in droopy eye lids, double vision or abnormal sensation on the forehead.

Examples

Botox

Botox and fillers


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