What is Botox®?
Botox is the product made by a bacteria called botulinum. When used in a very diluted dose, it can be safely used to relax spastic facial muscles. Apart from muscle relaxation, facial lines and wrinkles will diminish.
How is Botox® given?
It is given as a superficial injection, usually into different target sites.
How does it work?

Acetylcholine is normally released from nerve endings, causing muscle to contract. An excessive release of this neurotransmitter causes muscles to over-contract or go into spasm. Injected directly into the affected muscles, Botulinum blocks the release of acetylcholine and relaxes the spasm.

The effects of the medication begin to appear after 3 to 7 days and usually last for 3-6 months.

The injections can be repeated every 3-6 months.

What are the possible side effects?
Most people tolerate Botulinum injections very well. Although the needle used is very small and the injection brief, some may find the actual injection painful. There might be a small bruise at the injection site. Some people might develop flu-like symptoms a week after injection, which last for about a day. There may be a temporary weakness of muscles resulting in droopy eye lids, double vision or abnormal sensation on the forehead.

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